Kitchen wall — a universal set of tools for processing and cooking of food. When the external differences between the models functionality is optional in the presence of two tiers of cabinets, cutting surfaces, hob and sink. To install kitchen wall decided to invite artists, however even manufacturers provide options for self-Assembly. It is easier to collect linear options, as well as to plan space in them. However, the difficulty will appear at each stage of the work, whoever collected the wall — the owner or the repairman. This applies to communications, planning sections under built-in appliances. The whole process consists of many stages, doing that, it is important not to disrupt the precise sequence of actions. In General, the Assembly and installation of the kitchen connected with the work of sawing and fastening details.
- Features self Assembly and installation
- Stages of Assembly kitchen units
- The necessary materials and tools
- Build floor cabinets and wall cabinets
- Cusp cabinets with drawers
- How to build cabinets for built-in appliances
- Installation of lower layer headset
- Mount countertops
- The installation of the sink
- Installation hob
- Methods of attachment of the hinged layer headset
- Mount on bus
- Mount furniture hinges
- Mount doors
- Installation of baseboards
- Backlight headset
- Cusp corner headset
- Bugs and issues to consider when installing
Features self Assembly and installation
Build rules headset depend on its configuration. If it is angled, then the process start from the corner. Line option we need to gather the section that will rest against the wall. Cabinets better to collect together. It is not recommended to mount all the elements. In the intervals between Assembly need to install ready-made modules. This measure prevents excessive filling of space. Between the wall and the countertop it is customary to leave about a quarter inch of distance.
The rails for the drawers are fastened to the inner surfaces of the side walls before Assembly of the module. Top elements should not be set with doors as they will interfere. Installing kitchen wall can be carried out by 2 algorithms. Some experts argue that it is more convenient to first fix the top row, while others believe that it would be difficult to expect the desired distance.
Recommended distances during installation:
- the minimum height of the shelves above the lower part is 45 cm;
- optimal — 90 cm;
- a maximum of 105 cm.
Stages of Assembly kitchen units
It is necessary to highlight the major steps:
Installation of kitchen wall is a process with a large number of manipulations. The Assembly looks quite monotonous, but at this point it is necessary to consider many nuances. Chief among them is the size of the partitions and their purpose, which mutually impact on each other, as well as the type of opening. At the end of the Assembly modules is the turn installation. If professional skills of collecting there, it is best to put the bottom row. The door can be fastened directly or after having mounted the wall layer. The top row are fixed or on rail (bus) or loops.
The first method can be described as more simple. The second allows you to save money. It is important to choose the right height of the wall cabinets, as well as to make informed decisions regarding the installation of utilities and kitchen appliances — depends on the comfort and work efficiency in the kitchen.
The necessary materials and tools
Will need a lot of devices, ranging from power tools and finishing fasteners. First, it is a drill with drill bits 6 and 8 millimeters, screwdriver, drill and adapter and the Boers for her. To work with countertops will need a hacksaw or jigsaw. You should get a hex wrench, pliers, hammer, tape measure, level and square.
You will need to prepare a large number of fasteners. Anchor bolts, dowels and corners are usually included. Need to buy screws, namely, 70 mm for wall cabinets and 15-16 mm for fittings. Other items that you need to buy: tie for fastening of modules, silicone sealant, fasteners, rack for hanging, evrovinty (confirmity), furniture nails. It is recommended to purchase the jigs for the dowels.
Build floor cabinets and wall cabinets
Assembly of kitchen furniture is better to start with lower tiers. First confirmatory fastened a bottom side surfaces. Next, put the upper straps. Diagonal cabinets are checked by tape measure. A normal indicator of a mismatch of up to 3 mm. If all OK, then proceed to the next step. A relatively thin rear wall is attached with small nails or construction staples. Step between them do not exceed 1 cm On the lower part of the lockers mounted legs, securing with screws. In the pre-made holes install the hinges. To them and fasten the lower section. Left align the doors and install handles.
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Then comes the turn of the top row of furniture. Mounted it in a similar way, but there are some differences. In the upper corners need to mingle with the adjustment. For them, the envisaged cut in the back. Installing drawers in the upper cabinets is not possible.
Cusp cabinets with drawers
The walls are about the same as cabinets with shelves, — fastened with screws. Three surfaces are collected and placed in the bottom sheet of fiberboard. Then fix the facade of the box — use the tie-Cam. For fixing the latter is necessary to tighten the screw in the front surface and then the side from the cap to be inserted into a hole in the side wall. The side elements have a large hole for the bushing. You need to paste it in there and turn to grab the head of the screw. It will go on the side.
Then at the bottom of the cabinets are mounted on roller guides. The roller on the drawer rail should be located behind, and in the corresponding tables in the front. To complete Assembly you will need to insert the rails into each other — this is done at an angle. For self-assembling a combined locker, the first task is the correct installation guide.
How to build cabinets for built-in appliances
Installation of built-in appliances causes some difficulties, but it is now more urgent. To perform tasks for installing the coincidence of dimensions. This is possible thanks to standardization. In addition, sections such appliances should not be fitted with doors. It is unacceptable presence of protrusions, curvature or sloppy Assembly.
For built-in ovens provided the size of the niches on the front side of the 60×60 cm In cross section ovens have settings 59,4×59,4 or 59,5×59,5 cm On the gap will be 0.5—0.6 cm Minimum depth of furniture should be 55 cm For embedding microwave ovens works on the same principle, but with different parameters. The standard width of the niche, however, is the same 60 cm Height of the section must be selected from level 380-382 mm or below, depending on the model. Optimal depth — 320 mm. Still need to use individual scheme for integration, which is available with the kit.
Installation of lower layer headset
For easy calculation of the distance first you need to install the lower cabinets. Need to work from the corner of the room. If you plan to take the bottom place on the entire length of the wall, you should start from the lateral surface, which is shorter. The legs/wheels of the pedestals shall be adjustable. If the installation of the kitchen wall is on the floor with a rough surface, you will need legs with adjustment in the range of 12-17 inches. On the wall you need to draw the layout. Install height is recommended so that between the cap and floor was a gap not less than 10 cm Gaps between the individual pieces of furniture are minimal.
All lockers are installed and are height adjustable. The adjacent cabinets are pulled together by the clamp and the furniture screed. In the bottom row will need to make cuts and holes for the gas and sewer pipes, wires appliances.
After you install the lower cabinets the turn of the countertops. First thing it to cut a hole for the sink. For this countertop to lay the same as it will be located after installation. Place under the sink stands out with a pencil. This line should work as a jigsaw. The slice is treated with sealant. Usually, the countertop is also necessary openings for communication (pipes, hoses) and the cooking surface. After passing the related stages of the work can be fastened to the cover.
One of the methods — with the help of furniture parts on the walls of the cabinets. The top is then aligned. If the cover consists of several parts, the attachment between them is formed of metal straps. First they are cut with a hacksaw the width of the cover. Then one of the surfaces of the first strip is smeared with sealant. Screws it is attached to the cut countertops. Then grease the reverse side and attach to the other part of the cover. When the table top is ready, it is screws screwed into furniture corners.
The installation of the sink
You first need to choose the best option of sink and faucet. The most convenient ratio consider a deep sink and a relatively low tap — then spray will a little. Among the materials execution often preferred of stainless steel or enameled steel. Only after considering these nuances can be taken for the installation.
For installation you will need mounts (usually included), fretsaw, screwdriver, screws and sealant for the treatment seats of the shell. In the course of work first conducted communication and connects the mixer. For mounting the sink, you need 4-5 G-shaped elements. They are applied to the inside of the cabinets. Then make notes on them and screwed the screws. Higher marks should remain at least 5 mm. Next, the cutout is covered with a sealant that will hold the sink and to protect the furniture. After that, the sink is installed on the screws and moved to the perfect fit. At the end of the details are fixed.
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The most important milestone is the markup. First on the countertop and transferred the internal borders of the cabinets under the hob. Then by drawing diagonals is the center. It will help to make more accurate calculations. On the surface of the deposited parameters Veresaeva part of cooking with a small margin for alignment. You should then drill the drill hole for blade (jigsaw). Cut should be on the stand.
When the opening is ready, the turn of the waterproofing. Prior to installation, is done in several steps. First, the panel is attached gas hose. Then use the sealing tape. It is glued in one piece. Two loose ends are joined as tightly as possible. Then install the hob itself. She is centered, to lie is maximally symmetric. After that, the cupboard need to attach plates in all four corners below the cooking plate tightly to the surface.
Methods of attachment of the hinged layer headset
Two main methods of fastening — on furniture hinges and rail (with mounting bracket). During the installation process, the “second floor” of the kitchen wall is the most important issue is the height of the hanging sections. The decision is accepted, proceeding from such factors as ceiling height and size of cabinets. Between the countertop and the bottom of the upper tier is usually enough 50-60 cm of space. However important growth of family members. If the owner is low, it is 45 cm to the top locker is the best option. To make the gap even smaller is not recommended.
To install the boxes valid with an error of up to 10 mm, provided that there is a specific rail. The installation on plasterboard wall, you will need to use dowels butterfly. You can also install timber under gypsum Board-sheet in place of mounting box. If kitchen has a corner wall shape, the installation of make first one wall and then another.
When hanging, the upper tiers must comply with 3-mm gap around the perimeter.
Mount on bus
To strengthen the section on the bus much easier. With this method of fixing the applied mounting rail. One part is fixed to the wall and the other to the hinged boxes. The basis of the attachment system is the “hook-groove” that provides a secure fit. For the hanging locker in this way quite a one-man operation. The rake is mounted on a horizontal mark on the wall. You can then do the Assembly of the body on the floor. Instead of hinges, furniture hinge join. In the process you will need to make a small hole in the rear surface for the mounting hooks. Processed by this method sections can be directly fixed on the mounting rail. The position of the body is regulated by special screws in the body themselves batches. They provide an opportunity to move a modular design right, to the left, and a few millimeters from the supporting wall, if below is already thick kitchen apron.
Mount furniture hinges
The more usual method of installation is the fixing to the furniture hinge: after hanging there should be no clearance between the wall and the rear wall of the furniture. This method of fixation is best to use only after installation of the lower tier lockers. In the process you will need to draw on the wall vertical to the module parameters using the level. One of the lockers to attach to the wall at a certain height to mark the point of suspension through the eye.
Next, using the level of this place is the line at perimeter locations of the elements of the headset. Roulette is determined by the interval between the centers of the hangers. The result is transferred to the wall horizontally between 2 vertical lines options lower modules. In these places, drilled holes, hammered in the dowels and screwed the screws. The modules are mounted on them, and then equip it with shelves and a screwed on door. These works require the participation of two people, because one can not cope with the weight of the structure.
Due to the high prices of modern mounting rails, many furniture sets are used pre-made loops.
In the beginning, to the inner walls of the modules are bolted crosswise of the plate. After mounting sections on the wall and installing shelves can be engaged by the fastening of doors. The round indentations on the doors are nested loops. They are fixed with screws. Then puts each door to the Cabinet so that the attachment got on Phillips part. The loops are connected with these parts, tighten the bolts. The door need to be closed. If she “mows” up or, more often, down — regulate using 2 bolts on the connection. In order initially to secure everything is fine, it is recommended to firmly hold the door with one hand, and the second retaining element power tools. The procedure is repeated with the other modules. In addition to the usual independent loops, you can use some other types:
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Installation of baseboards
After the installation of the elements of the headset are slit between their surfaces and the wall. The void must be closed to prevent ingress of water and fragments of food. Clearance around the countertop is sealed with thin plastic moldings. Its lower part is attached with screws to the wall, superimposed on top of a decorative element (the plinth). The design guide has a groove into which should go the top element, Sedekias, as in the castle. On the end parts of the floor are the seals. They are easily cut for installation of additional elements. These ends are decorated with furniture of stubs and corners. These devices are designed to protect against the accumulation of crumbs and dirt. The whole design is a great sealant to attach it even to uneven walls. Inside the plinth can be installed hidden wiring.
In the kitchen apply two basic ways of lighting, in addition to the Central. It spotlights and tape length up to several meters. The first option involves the installation in the upper part of the headset. The spotlights are well established, but the facility feeds directly into the apron of the working surface improves the illumination many times.
Modern furniture sets are equipped with and internal lighting. The right things in this case are much faster. A good option for decorating kitchen cabinets — led lights. She is able to work more than ten years when used for 15 hours a day. Led strips can have a different angle of radiation, which is very convenient for the kitchen. In addition, led lighting is relatively inexpensive. When placing lighting should be carefully to plan everything, otherwise you may need to repair or replace parts of the headset.
Cusp corner headset
For Assembly of the corner housing space in the kitchen must be free. Feature of angular configuration is displayed on that cheap headsets for cost reduction are being made with an integral bottom. In the case with the area under the sink the back surface of the virtually no. There are couplers to give the structure rigidity. When assembling the panel, which is angled based zones for cooking, screwed parts of the canopies. On the side surfaces of the self-tapping screws to fasten the skids. In the “factory” holes to insert the dowels. They should be lubricated with carpenter’s glue for strength.
For proper Assembly of the module first takes the bottom and after mounting with the supports it connects with the sidewalls. A corner worktop can consist of several parts. In the joints they are all protected by a metal profile. The important point is the choice of the place under the sink. With this configuration it is undesirable to do it in the corner, where better to have a section for the bin.
Bugs and issues to consider when installing
One of the mistakes is to start assembling large parts. The beginner should be in the first place small items and then move on to larger ones. It happens that the owner incorrectly calculates the height of the countertop, oblivious to the adjustable legs and the floor covering and the top rests on the sill. If this happens, the part can be cut. It also happens that for the Assembly of the elements of the MDF used power tools. This is unnecessary, because the fasteners are easily twisted in the sheets with a screwdriver.
Sometimes there are problems with the surfaces of the room. Fragile plasterboard wall can be partially disassembled and strengthen the timber. Uneven floors can also lead to difficulties, primarily in the calculation of the height of the countertop and the distance from the top row, as well as to create irregularities. The problem with the adjustable legs. Other important aspects:
Assemble kitchen furniture should be slow and measured. We cannot allow even minimal errors: the kitchen includes a lot of communication, so the inaccuracy can cost damaged furniture. The well equipped modern kitchen are sink, hob, oven, dishwasher, rarely — and even a washing machine. All this affects the calculations when planning the space.
Assembly begins with the most important step is labeling. They need to do on the walls, and when it is necessary — on the furniture and inside of her. Then assembled all the cabinets, including drawers and built-in appliances. After this the bottom row of kitchen units puts to the wall. Then it is tabletop with holes for sink and hob. They are installed after the cover. Then set the removable layer. The next step is to mount the doors and baseboards, and in the end you need to do coverage of the headset.