How to plant a lawn: the correct instruction

Well-kept green lawn around the house can significantly improve the landscaping. In addition, it emphasizes the exterior of the structure, helps to create a particular aesthetic appeal of the site. But for planting any turf grass needs careful site preparation. Follow up care for the cover also owners will require a lot of time and effort. To learn more about how to plant a lawn with their hands and what herbs to choose, you can in our detailed article. We also told all about the rules of preparing the land for sowing lawn grass, the requirements for subsequent watering, cleaning and fertilizing the land. Following the simple guidelines, you will be able to grow on the farm land of beautiful and healthy lawn. Don’t forget about useful tips on caring for him at different times of the year and will be able to achieve the perfect look of your garden and yard.

The contents

  • The advantages and disadvantages of the lawn
  • Types of lawn
  • The composition of lawn mixtures
  • Selection and calculation of seed
  • The ways of planting lawn
  • Features seasonal planting
  • Site preparation and soil for planting
    • Soil treatment: grinding and cleaning from weeds
    • Installation of drainage systems
    • Leveling
    • Fertilizer and rammer
    • Fallowing the plot — what it is and how to
    • Sowing and its features
    • The benefits of laying turf
  • How to treat
    • Watering
    • Fertilizer
    • Haircut
    • Combing and aeration
    • Weeding and weed control
  • Conclusion

The advantages and disadvantages of the lawn

Beautiful lawn near the house not just help to improve the landscape, but will be really useful. The presence of the lawn will prevent erosion of land (wind and water). Therefore, planted area will keep its form throughout the time of growing lawn grass. Green spaces also contribute to purifying the air. It is important that constant trimming prevents the appearance of flowers on the lawn and, accordingly, prevents the formation of pollen. Therefore rest on the lawn the lawn will be completely safe for Allergy sufferers. As for the cons of the lawn, these include the need for frequent trimming and watering. The lack of timely irrigation will lead to the drying of cover and the need for its replacement. So before lawn is to assess their ability to care for grown cover.

Types of lawn

Choosing the right lawn type, you need to consider many factors: will to walk people, he will be placed in the shade or in the sun. There are the following types of lawn surfaces:

  • garden (standard, normal): has a good resistance to trampling, shade tolerance and resistance to frost; however, in the spring will require haircuts as often as possible; it forms a dense dark green cover;
  • parquet: costs more than conventional and not tolerate trampling; grows slowly, but after the completion of growth forms a dense low bright green cover;
  • meadow: includes grasses and low-growing plants (e.g., clover); suitable for planting in a Sunny site, tolerates occasional trampling;
  • Moorish: this is the cover of a variety of low-growing flowers and herbs, creates a beautiful colorful cover, but needs frequent watering and does not tolerate shade, unsuitable for trampling;
  • sports: it forms a low dense cover, which is resistant to trampling; needs regular (usually weekly) haircuts for the preservation of its characteristics.

To an individual view can be attributed to the turf. It can include a variety of grass (not undersized flowers!). Stands out for its simplicity of installation.

The composition of lawn mixtures

The characteristics included in the grass seed mixture of plants depends directly on the resistance utaplivanie and the possibility of growth cover in the shade or in the sun. Selecting the desired composition of the mixture, use the following hint:

  • For landing on the sports fields or as tracks: Kentucky bluegrass, red fescue, perennial ryegrass.
  • For children’s playgrounds and play areas: perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, red fescue and fine bent grass.
  • For the shaded area: perennial ryegrass, bluegrass forest.
  • For a site with infrequent watering: sheep fescue and red fescue, Kentucky bluegrass.
  • For areas with high soil moisture: giant bentgrass, wildrye sand.
  • It is also worth considering and a simplified classification of mixtures. Road (airfield) includes plants with a strong root system which is well resistant to trampling. A versatile mix suitable for sowing in open areas, where there are people walking. Moorish mixture further includes grasses, allowing to obtain a variegated covering of grass and flowers.

    Selection and calculation of seed

    After researching information about different mixtures and types of lawn, you can start to buy seeds. To determine the desired number of mixtures is possible according to the following scheme:

  • To measure the sown area.
  • To calculate its area.
  • For light soil (with a higher percentage occurrence of sand) will need about 30-40 g of seeds per square meter. For heavy soil (the predominant clay) will need 40-50 g of seeds for each square metre. Accordingly, for each one hundred square meters may require 3-4 or 4-5 kg of grass seeds.
  • Additionally, note that in the Moorish mixture includes small (respectively light) seeds low-growing flowers. Therefore, for this lawn mixture it is recommended to take at critically low level (for easy soil — 30 g per sq m for heavy — 40 g). For universal and mixtures you can take seeds at the top mark (40 or 50 g per 1 sq.m).

    The increase in the number of seeds won’t allow you to get more beautiful or dense cover. On the contrary, such an approach could lead to uneven plant growth and problems with germination.

    The ways of planting lawn

    There are several ways of planting lawn grass, allowing you to choose the best planting for your site. To work on such technologies:

    • Using a planter.

    To start, you need to fill in the drill the desired number of mixtures and to walk with her on the prepared site. Note that for simplicity and uniformity of sowing is necessary to break the plant site into separate squares for them to carry out planting using pre-defined normal mixtures.

    • Manually.

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    Does not guarantee the uniformity of sowing, but it is the easy option. Before work the site is divided into squares, the rate of grass seeds mixed with sand 1: 1 (40 g of seeds — 40 g of sand). Sowing is carried out along the selected area, then across. Therefore prepared a combination of sand and mixtures to rationally will be divided into 2 parts.

    • Using tin cans.

    Superior to hand planting. It will take the tin to make a small hole (slightly larger than the size of the used seed). The work is similar to manual planting (including the addition of sand and pass the site along and across).

    Features seasonal planting

    Important when planting take into account the season when the planting of seeds. Depending on weather conditions, requirements for planting can differ considerably. So, if the work is carried out:

    • spring;

    Lawn seeding should be carried out after the normalization of temperature and the absence of frost. The gentle spring sun will ensure good germination and eliminate the death of plants due to the heat. But you need to be very careful: it is obligatory to clean the area from the rising of the weeds that also sprout well in the spring.

    • in the summer;

    Summer planting is an attractive option to pre-clear the soil from weeds. However, to fit in a well-watered land, and after 6-7 hours in the evening (when the sun will not scorch seedlings).

    • fall.

    Autumn planting is carried out for 1.5-2 months before frost, when temperature remains quite high. Before lawn is to clean the area of old grass, weeds, the requirement is the fertilizer that will help strengthen the seedlings. The advantage of autumn planting of the lawn is the possibility of rooting of the grass in winter and maximum increase in seed germination rate.

    Site preparation and soil for planting

    To plant a lawn is not easy, but if you follow the recommendations of experts to achieve good seed germination and create a beautiful cover is quite real. First and foremost, you need to completely clean the area of any rocks, obstacles, mapping and planting of lawn. For example, if lawn grass will surround the flower bed or trees in the garden, you should put the pegs marking the face of the cover. Also you need to consider, will be closely adjacent the lawn to sidewalks and curbs or between him and the fence will be placed flowers and shrubs. Additionally for preparation of the site will be required to purchase all required materials: cover sheet or pipe for the drainage, forks, rakes, hand-rink and drill. Such training will help to solve all issues and not be distracted from the process of planting grass cover.

    Soil treatment: grinding and cleaning from weeds

    Sown to lawn grass is coming up well and grew rapidly, it is necessary to create optimal conditions to achieve the correct composition of the soil. So, the first step in the preparation of land for planting a lawn is the removal of weeds. Their need to uproot, excluding the further possibility of growth. Special attention at this stage should be given to weeds with large root system or by throwing spikes on the surface of the earth: all of them need to remove. Next is digging the plot. It is recommended to dig the soil to a maximum depth of 25 cm In the process of pereopisanie it is also important to remove the previously hidden pieces of the rhizomes, both from cultivated plants and from weeds. In the process of pereopisanie it is important to sposito land for the creation of proper access of air to the top layer.

    Installation of drainage systems

    The presence of a drainage system under the turf is a guarantee of rapid drainage of melt and rain water. The right to organize the removal of moisture in several ways:

    • The layering of the soil (natural drainage).

    The top layer of soil (about 20 cm) is removed, is laid a layer of gravel and layer of sand (5 cm). From backfilled soil. Such a resettlement site will provide a timely water removal.

    • Laying drainage pipes (the best option for wetlands).

    On the perimeter of the suburban area, where it will grow the lawn and inside the perimeter at a distance of 40-60 cm from each other dig asbestos drains. Under them it is necessary to make a pillow of sand and gravel with a thickness of about 30 cm Over the drains filled with another 10 cm of gravel. Then poured a layer of sand 10 cm, carried out the laying of geotextile. Then poured the soil (thickness of about 20-25 cm).

    When laying tiles it is necessary to consider the slope of the plot of land and build proper drainage of water.

    Leveling

    After completion of the preparatory work should start leveling ground, where will sit down the lawn. Can be done with your hands, but land owners need to follow our step-by-step instructions:

  • For a breakdown of the site into separate sites: this will ensure the ease of achieving flatness of the whole ground without sudden changes.
  • Large clods (which could be formed after the installation of the drainage or in the process of pereopisanie) need to be broken with a shovel.
  • Between the selected parts of the site need to install the pegs and pull the rope that will serve as a guide for evenness of land cover.
  • Use a rake to do a basic leveling of the land. For larger sites it is recommended to use a manual cultivator. A very popular method of “smoothing” of the surface Board. In this case, the Board is bound by the rope and the Board itself is pulled across the surface, allowing you to quickly and simply align the top layer of soil.
  • Fertilizer and rammer

    To ensure good growth of lawn near the house or houses will help correct “feeding” of plants. To the top layer of soil you can add compost or manure. They will enrich the soil and allow the lawn grass to grow rapidly. For clayey (heavy) soils, a good solution would be the introduction of a small amount of sand. But in sandy (light) soil, on the contrary, you should add a little clay or humus. After saturation of the soil by tamping earth under the lawn. To work in the following ways:

    • Manual roller (the weight must not exceed 150 kg).

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    Rolling should be carried out without effort: the soil will settle a little under the weight of the roller.

    • Board.

    Board is placed on the edge of the area that will be planted, and the owner is on this Board. Next to him lays another Board and crosses on it. The operation is repeated until, until all the soil is compacted. It is important not to go off the Board on the ground, to avoid indentations and create swings in the lawn.

    Fallowing the plot — what it is and how to

    To completely get rid of the weeds and the normalization of the ground is carried out fallowing. In agriculture steam is sown field that is “gaining strength”. That is, it is plowed and left unseeded. For lawns, the procedure of fallow will take the whole season, but only 1-2 months. So it will be the right decision to start work by the end of March in order to may be able to hold seeding. In the period of fallow is necessary to continuously remove emerging weeds. To awaken the dormant seeds will help periodic combing of the soil by using a fan rake. They will help to saturate the upper soil layer air and thereby accelerate the process of germination of weeds. It remains only to carry out manually remove malicious plants. An alternative to fallowing can be considered as the sowing of green manure. For example, for 1.5 months before sowing the lawn planting clover and lupine. After this time, there is a plowing of land. Thus, the grown shoots will be “driven” into the soil. They will help to enrich the ground and to create favourable conditions for growth of turf grass.

    Sowing and its features

    After completing all preparatory work, choose the appropriate mixture and calculating the best method for its distribution on the plot, you can sow the lawn. To independently perform this procedure will not be difficult. Will help in this next step by step instructions:

  • Divided into separate squares in the entire plot and prepare for each square the desired number of mixtures.
  • To sow a lawn the length and breadth of each square, taking care not to leave empty areas and at the same time not “overpopulate” a separate part of the soil.
  • Carefully go rake in the seeded areas: it will help slightly to deepen the seeds in the ground. It is advisable not just to brush the soil with a rake, and gently poked the ground with them.
  • Go roller for tamping of seed and levelling the upper layer.
  • Water the area with a little water, using a garden hose to the special nozzle with the mode “fog”.
  • The benefits of laying turf

    Unlike conventional lawn roller does not require sowing. It is usually sold in small rolls in size of 0.8-1 m on 2 m. But under such a lawn need to specially prepare the soil. In General, the organizational procedures for all types of turf covers are the same and include: cleaning the area, removing weeds and leveling the soil, construction of drainage, fertilizing, rammer. Further turf just turns around and laid on prepared ground. This technology saves time. In addition, immediately after laying the lawn you can enjoy lush landscaping. Due to the fact that plant turf is not need to update the view of the garden or yard infield can be just a couple of days. Another advantage is the uniformity of cover and no holes on it as a result of poor seed germination. However, after receiving the coils should immediately proceed to their installation and initial watering. Otherwise, the grass will begin to dry and may partially abyss.

    How to treat

    Not only to sow, but to care for the lawn should be properly and most importantly on time. Of particular importance is his defense, fertilizer and other kinds of care at different times of the year. Following the simple guidelines and step through performing each of them, you can avoid problems with the loss of lawn or partial wilting, freezing.

    • In summer and autumn.

    After the proliferation of grass need to arrange proper watering. Also during the summer period you may need fertilizing. In autumn, watering should be reduced (especially in areas with frequent rain). Will be mandatory and timely removal of emerging weeds. In November, we should spend the last cut and remove from the lawn fallen leaves.

    • Winter.

    In winter the lawn was not lost and could grow again in the spring, you need to stop watering. Also not recommended load (for sport) — walking on the plants is better to exclude. If in your area snow is rare, protect plants from frost will help their harboring and agro-fibre.

    • Spring.

    Preparing the lawn for the new season begins with removal of old grass. But work should be carried out only on dry grass and dry weather. Be sure to removed old germinating weeds. Next is aeration of the soil (for example, by puncturing the soil with a pitchfork). It is necessary to exclude the accumulation of melt water, but after the formation of dry and warm weather, you can make nitrogen fertilizer.

    Watering

    In the process of germination of lawn care should be taken to its moderate and careful watering. Therefore, the flow of water from the hose on the young shoots should be deleted. You must use a special nozzle with the mode “fog”, which will help gently spray the grass. To spend watering your lawn in the spring and summer be early morning or late evening. The young plants is recommended to water little but often. But deep-rooted grass can be watered abundantly 1 every 2-4 days (depending on the weather and the steady-state temperature). In the autumn, watering is necessary to reduce: the frequency of watering to choose individually. The main task is to complete the absorption of moisture and good drying of plants. As for the auto-irrigation (for example, when using automatic sprinkler), the water should be in small portions, eliminating the formation of puddles on the lawn.

    See also: Technology of paving with their hands

    Fertilizer

    Fertilizing the lawn should be conducted in different seasons. The composition of the substances will change depending on the season. To choose the right fertilizer for good growth of the lawn will help the following hint:

    • Spring.

    Immediately after the snow you need to make liquid fertilizers, which include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. This combination will strengthen the root system, healthy growth of lawn grass and its resistance to disease.

    • Summer.

    Constant exposure to high temperatures, bright sunlight may lead to the depletion of the lawn. To maintain its healthy condition and will help the introduction of NPK. It is recommended for use in late June or early July. In mid-July and early-mid August should be a potassium salt. But in late August it is recommended that the potash-phosphate mixtures. Such saturation of the soil will provide a thick and dense growth of cover, and its resistance to diseases and negative impacts.

    • Fall.

    To prepare plants for the winter and to help them overcome any cold weather will help the potash-phosphate compositions. This procedure is usually carried out 1-2 weeks before frost.

    Haircut

    Properly mowing a garden lawn is quite simple using modern trimmers and lawn mowers. The first haircut is carried out when the lawn grass has grown to 7-8 cm. Re mowing is done once a week. When performing this operation it is recommended to follow some simple requirements:

  • Mowing need not earlier than on the second day after watering in the evening. The mower will not move in moist soil, also the lawnmower and trimmer will be uneven to mow wet sprouts. Cut at lunchtime, the grass may begin to “burn” and yellowing.
  • Each new strip of cutting must be perpendicular to the previous one. This rule will allow you to make neat slices to obtain a smooth and dense cover.
  • After cutting is recommended, a slight wetting of the lawn with water to maintain the strength of germs. Also allowed and fertilizer plants (unless of course, it was not carried out in the last 1-2 weeks and will be appropriate).
  • Mowed grass cannot be left on the site, or they can lead to rotting of certain parts of the lawn and the appearance of unsightly “bald spots” on the lawn.
  • Combing and aeration

    The sweep of lawn is to remove the old plants and weeds, opening the access of air to the root system of grasses. Usually the search is performed in autumn after the last cutting of the lawn. But also this procedure should be repeated in the spring before the new season. Combing will help to “spice up” the plants and provide them with excellent conditions for growth. Summer combing cannot be carried out, otherwise the whole cover will be broken. As for aeration, this procedure aimed at breaking a soil crust, which is formed in the process of watering and drying land. Aeration is performed once a season — in the fall after combing. But also can be performed at other times if lawn grass has started to root parts remain puddles and the water does not pass. For aeration you can use a pitchfork, or special tool – aerator. The depth created in the soil the holes should be from 7 to 15 cm.

    Weeding and weed control

    In the first year after planting of the lawn to remove the weeds is not necessary. To protect the lawn from weeds will help the timely haircuts. They prevent the growth of weeds (as well as the emergence of new units of seeds and shoots) will help the lawn grass to grow and to “expel” such neighbors. In the second year and after need to carry out manual removal of weeds — weeding or pulling from the root. The resulting after tearing a hole you need to sow a new lawn. For lawns that grow for more than 3-4 years, allowed the use of pesticides. But apply it very carefully to get the right amount of pesticide to Spiez and inject into the stalk of the weed. The appearance of moss on the site is allowed to conduct unscheduled aeration. If the moss grew on the lawn under the trees, it is recommended to trim the branches and to provide sunlight access to the moss.

    Conclusion

    To put your hands beautiful home or cottage lawn is not easy. But if you follow the detailed tips to specialists and time to care for the lawn grass, to make a perfect green lawn around the home will not be difficult. You can plant like a normal green lawn that will complement flower beds, and create a dense cover, where you can walk. Such a lawn will not only beautify the area, but will create an original play areas for children and rest areas for adults. Among the variety of mixtures you can find the original covers of different meadow flowers. Such an ensemble will unusually decorate infield and outside the box will help to highlight the artificial ponds or small garden forms. Most importantly, do not forget to remove weeds, carry out fertilization and, of course, time to water the lawn. Then he not only forms a thick cover, but will in later years become more vibrant and dense.

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