Wall paneling – one of the most popular finishing materials. Environmentally friendly construction the item is made of solid wood. For more convenient use of the boards have grooves and spikes. They are used for interior decoration, cladding of building facades. To give the material the desired texture, color you can use paint mixtures. The proper selection of compounds depends on its operational life, the ability to retain initial characteristics.
- The types of lining
- The advantages and disadvantages of staining of the lining
- The solutions used for staining
- Protective equipment: properties and application technology
- The varnish compositions and their properties
- Paint on different compositions for coating wood siding
- How to calculate the required amount of paint
- Technology of dyeing lining
- The necessary materials and tools
- What is better to paint
- Drying and the degree of moisture of the lining
- Preparatory stages
- Application of paint
- The coating surface is brushed lining
- Painting wood preserving texture
- How to paint paneling under bleached oak
- The effect of aging
- The idea of staining of the lining in the interior of the apartment/house
The types of lining
Thin planed boards for cladding surfaces are made of different materials. The most popular and durable – the wood of deciduous and conifers. Also use plastic and MDF. On the market there are two main types of lining – classic and Euro. You can distinguish them by visual inspection. Depending on the desired shape of the profile, thickness, structure, you can pick up the floorboards of the numerous subspecies. The most popular the following varieties:
- “Calm.” Brushed Board does not have near the tongue of the bevel. When mounting between the profile invisible joints. The Board is thickened, and create an imitation timber. Can be used for facing of facades;
- Classic. On the front side of the flat Board, there are additional round or angular chamfer. Thanks to this feature the lining are formed by well-marked sutures;
- Block-house. The front part is completely rounded. After Assembly, you create the impression that the walls were made of round logs. Used in saunas and steam baths;
- The lounge house. The surface is smooth with a complex pattern. The effect is achieved through additional processing (hot embossing, milling);
- American. Mimics the siding panel. The lamellae conical shape is removed chamfer the tenon. Used for interior finishing;
- Bilateral. Has two working sides. Due to the small thickness only recommended for partitions inside the building. No compensation channels;
According to the method of processing the wooden paneling is divided into grades – “extra”, “A”, “b”, “C”. You can distinguish them visually. On the front side of the Board “premium” invalid slightest knots, cracks. Class “A” accept wood without rot, blue stain, resin pockets. Possible light healthy knots. In sort “In the” resin pockets are allowed. The cheapest grade of “C” allows for the blueness, wane on the back.
The advantages and disadvantages of staining of the lining
Painting lining enamel, a clear varnish can prolong the lifetime of the material. If the Board is used for wall cladding, countertops in the pantry, you can do the usual impregnation. In a house or flat wood trim better paint quality paint in a practical and decorative purposes. After replacing the damaged top layer of wood is much more expensive than a few cans of enamel. You can purchase the ready-painted wood or to paint it yourself. Cover the panels with your own hands has a lot of advantages:
- The possibility of coloring elements with different colors, applying your pattern, texture;
- Savings. The treated siding is much more expensive;
- The choice of the most incredible shade;
- Increasing resistance to various negative external factors;
- Quick drying.
Painting the paneling prior to installation. In the normal process of drying at the joints will not be bands of light, spoiling the whole look.
The disadvantages of staining of the lining are almost there. The main negative thing is the loss of the natural pattern and type of wood. To avoid some of the negative consequences can be if to consider the purpose of the room when choosing a paint material. For baths and saunas are not suitable oil impregnation, drying oil. It is better to use a solid mixture with wax. In closed, unventilated areas for painting wooden boards is not recommended in flammable, toxic enamel. Coloration of the sexes of the lining should be carried out taking into account the abrasion of material. To not have often to repaint, you should choose mixtures with a high wear resistance.
The solutions used for staining
There are many tools to cover the lining. This compositions for the inner and outer plating of the premises. They vary in composition, performance, and quality characteristics. For example, on a wooden exterior facade influenced by ultraviolet rays, wet precipitation, high, low temperature, and therefore the composition of the finishing coat should log-protective components in the vast majority.
Decorate the lining of the inside of the house is possible with conventional enamels, paints. Natural colored boards have the original appearance. Each blend after painting gives a certain effect to the standard lining. The choice of solution depends on the preferences of the owner of a suburban or urban buildings.
See also: the Numbers on the day of birth – for examples of how ukrainisatsiya funds: properties and application technology
Proper and timely use of protective equipment allows the natural lining not to lose the appearance, the original structure for many years. Antiseptic enhance the moisture resistance and durability of the material. Solutions also eliminate the insect, various microorganisms, mold, pernicious not only for lining but also for the health of the owners of the villas. Based on the fundamentals of manufacturing, antiseptics are divided into four main groups:
To reduce the negative impact on the lining use different solutions. Bioprotective compositions successfully combat pests, mold, fungus. Flame retardants provide fire protection, slow the spread of fire. As base coat, use comprehensive protection – Bioperine. For bleaching of wood you can apply a mixture of chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, industrial special liquid. The lining of low quality wood must be primed to fill the pores.
Protective equipment linings cover front lacquered, decorative treatment. Technology application is the impregnation of each piece separately and from both sides. With a brush or roller, dispense antiseptic over the entire surface with a thin layer. You need to get to all the hidden areas (corners, notches). Dry wooden boards should not touch each other.
The varnish compositions and their properties
To refresh impregnated with an antiseptic lining and Refine the finish, wood varnish. The required composition of the solution is chosen according to the type and purpose of the room.
Oil paints based on resins can have various shades – from transparent to dark chocolate. The coating hardens quickly, forming a dense film. The moisture resistant surface is easy to clean, it is ready for further painting. The main disadvantage – high level of fire risk.
Alkyd universal solutions have a high resilience to external negative factors. They are absorbed deep into the wood, so long time to dry (up to 3 days). Alkyd-carbamide varnishes have almost identical characteristics. Before use the solution must be mixed with an acid hardener. It features a high gloss after curing. Drawback – high price, fast ignition.
Alcoholic varnishes and lacquers used in the minimum quantity to cover the individual elements of the lining. A cotton swab or a small brush applied a very thin layer of mortar. The dried coating is noticeably shiny, acquires elasticity. Some types of alcohol mixtures can not tolerate the sunlight, so they can not be used on extensive areas of the lining.
The composition consists of nitrocellulose lacquers plasticizers, resins, pigment. After application to the wood to form a solid protective and decorative coating. They do not cover siding, intended for the facades. Nitrocellulose lacquer does not tolerate sunlight. A high temperature.
Polyurethane, acrylic water-based solutions are applied to the lining in several layers due to the strong volatility of the mixture. Have the property of surface tension, do not crack and are erased. The nail firmly adheres to the wood, protects it from chemicals, wetting.
Paint on different compositions for coating wood siding
A large variety of decorative mixtures allows to choose the most extraordinary solutions to implement bold design ideas. With the help of paint products can give absolutely any siding color and texture. For internal furnish of a country house you can use the following paint:
- Acrylate. Resistant to precipitation, long retains luster and color. The paint has good adhesion, slowly wears down;
- Oil. Easily absorbed into the lining, is moisture, allow the material to breathe. Over time can darken;
- Latex. Retains wood texture, gives matte finish. Paint dries quickly, no odor;
- Silicone. Impressive withstands mechanical loads. Has a good vapor permeability, it masks defects. Keeps the color of 30 years;
- Enamel based on alkyd. Suitable for decorating lining. For a long drying emits a pungent odor. Quickly fade in the sun;
- Wax. Traditional, natural material for treatment of lining. After painting retains a natural grain of wood, gives a matte, glossy sheen;
- Silicate. The composition includes liquid glass, which significantly improves the characteristics of the paint. She is not afraid of ultraviolet rays. Dye with improved fire resistance protects the lining from extremes of temperature.
See also: decor the coffee table with his hands
How to calculate the required amount of paint
Any repair or construction is necessary to start with budgeting and detailed instructions. Consumables such as paint for siding, must be purchased with a stock. The calculations should take into account surface features, tools, professionalism of the performers of the work, the number of layers and the texture of the mixture.
If you painted the room, the first thing you need to define its perimeter. Subtract the area of doors, Windows, apertures and other machined surfaces. The result should be compared with standard consumption of a selected type of paint. This information manufacturers place on the product label. You need to understand that a number are subject to work in ideal conditions, one coat of paint.
Technology of dyeing lining
Painted on the production elements of the lining are several times more expensive than the raw boards. Services of hired workers also cost is not cheap. To save money you can conduct all stages of the coating alone. To do this, fortunately, is easy. Properly fitted consumable, auxiliary materials will enliven the interior and fill the house with new colors.
The topcoat should be carried out after antiseptic procedures, primer and varnish. When working with any mixture you should adhere to certain rules. Only in this case, you can expect a positive result.
The necessary materials and tools
To qualitatively paint the paneling will be able even a novice. It is better to work with new material. It is simple enough to prepare, process and dry. The task becomes more complicated if the Board was already in use, and rendering needs to be updated. You can repaint just pure bunk. Solution lacquer coating is the same for all types of wood. To whitewash pine, larch better in a warm and ventilated rooms. Staining wood paneling is performed using a minimum set of tools and materials. You need to prepare:
- Painting tray;
- Galvanized, plastic bucket;
- Brushes for applying paint and different size, roller, spray gun;
- A ladder allows you to reach the ceiling;
- Solutions for the coloring (stain, varnish, enamel, primer);
- Tools for Stripping, grinding, rubbing (sandpaper, leather scraps, grinder and other);
- The wide protective goggles, mask, gloves.
What is better to paint
To paint the paneling you can use a brush, spray gun or roller. Choosing the right tool is a much easier process. In a small area, you can use a wide brush. Paint in this case should be moderately thick, leaving no traces of brushstrokes. Such material can be given a color as separate boards and mounted design.
Roller is best used for lining and cover other types of boards with a smooth surface, unexpressed seams. You can take a wide tool, from gripping two boards. This will speed up the process and reduce paint consumption.
When using a household spray gun must prepare for the great consumption vodoemulsionki. Paint to soak better into the tree, the solution should do very liquid. With this technology the inevitable drips and layering. It is necessary to strictly observe the distance between the injection to avoid drops.
Drying and the degree of moisture of the lining
Use for lining only high-quality, dry wood. Wet wall panelling will spread and crack shortly after installation. To determine the degree of humidity in the home can be people’s way. The dry weight of the Board is significantly different from wet. The mechanical pencil on the dried boards will not leave the purple strip. The sound of dry wood will be louder.
To resort to traditional methods can, if at hand is a comparative wet material. If to compare with, it is possible to use a mechanical method of verification. The tested wood to drill a drill hole. To hold the cutter in one position for 20 seconds. Visual analysis of the notches show the approximate moisture content. The hole began to smoke – dry the Board, nothing happened – the humidity is normal, formed a fringe of raw lumber. Dry lining should be under the canopy in the open air for several months.
Thoroughly dry the lining is necessary after each processing (impregnation, priming, varnishing, painting). If it’s a separate Board, they should be placed in a ventilated room or be taken outdoors in warm weather until dry. Curing time for each solution is individually designed by the manufacturer. Drying time may increase if the paint is applied in several layers.
Proper preparation of the siding to the paint easier to work with the material in the future. New dried boards should be cleaned of contaminants. With a strong dusty you can use a damp cloth and baking soda. Then it is necessary to eliminate all defects. The wood is polished with pumice or fine sandpaper. Small particles clean and apply a primer.
See also: Ideas for interior decoration: 15 ways to decorate things with their hands
If the paneling has been used, the preparatory works include the mandatory cleaning of the old surface. Paint, old nail Polish is removed with a solvent. Layered dried material and remove with a brush on metal, a Hairdryer, a construction with a spatula.
If in the future the old lining will be covered with a transparent varnish, it is better to use mechanical cleaning method. Solvents and chemical removers can bleach the surface uneven.
Application of paint
The wooden paneling is easier to paint before mounting. The solution should be applied thinly, slowly moving from top to bottom. If the selected brush, it should have semi-rigid bristles. That was not a divorce, on the brush not worth it to gain a lot of paint.
Rollers should have a pile of medium length. : It in paint and rolled along the tray, the tool is pressed against the paneling with moderate force and rolled several times. The surface should be free of voids and streaks. If the boards are already assembled, their edges need to finish painting with a brush. Painting spray gun will be faster, but some of the dye will spread to nearby objects.
The coating surface is brushed lining
A standard solution will give the wood an antiqued, aristocratic look. To create such effect, using a drill with a special nozzle – passirovanny ball. When processing the surface of the formed recess, which in the painting are unusual pattern. Its depth can be adjusted through the ball passes.
For painting the Board you can use dark or light oil. Apply the coating by the method of “dry-brush”, using a dense sponge, and rubbed evenly over the surface. The first layer will dry in 2 hours. Then apply a light oil or paint. After 15 minutes remove with a rubber spatula, pressing it well to the surface. After drying, the wood will get an interesting aged effect.
Painting wood preserving texture
To paint the paneling and keep the texture of wood is very simple. For this purpose, a lacquer, a pigmented oil and cerulean. Work can be carried out on individual boards or sheathed wall. Use a paint roller and several brushes in different sizes.
The technology of texturing is to apply a water-based varnish with a brush on small fragments and subsequent uniform distribution. For smearing using a roller. Need to move strictly along the natural grooves. After 10 minutes the excess mix should be removed. The varnish is retained in the grooves, making the picture bright and brilliant.
How to paint paneling under bleached oak
To achieve the effect of bleached oak and to preserve the natural beauty of wood using a stain is “frost”, “white oak”, transparent wax, oil, polyurethane, acrylic pigment “bleached”.
First apply a thin layer of toning. Then covered with oil. The density of the coating depends on the expected result. If you need a distinct pattern, it is necessary to remove excess and wipe the surface with a rag. Whiten the wood using a primer. But it is worth considering that some breeds over time it will yellow. For example, pine material, you can whiten them the usual gray paint for wood.
The effect of aging
Make interior of rooms attractive and original by the artificial aging of materials. Natural boards without coating looks monotonous. To add to her antique value in several ways:
- The brushing process. Ideal for pine or oak. The top layer of rocks off rude brush zashlifovyvajut and covered with a stain of any color, for example, wenge;
- Patinirovanie. Use two colors of paint, slightly different shades. First the enamel is applied thick and allowed to dry. Then paint a thin layer of lighter paint. After drying the surface is rubbed with sandpaper. Creates the illusion of many repaints of the lining;
- Treatment with paraffin. The wax is applied on the parts unevenly. Then repeat the process of patinirovanija. After drying it is removed with a spatula and work the Board with stain. The effect of fading.
The idea of staining of the lining in the interior of the apartment/house
In the interior of urban apartments painted paneling does not occur. Natural material great fit loggias, balconies. The style of country houses, by contrast, will complement a natural zest if using wooden profiles.
Unusual combination looks lining different thickness. Wide profile alternate with thin and stained. Painted in one color, but different intensity. Of straight profile and of the block house form the troughs and waves. Lighting area bleached, the rest just cover with a transparent varnish.
Original look white-washed paneling on the ceiling, located between the massive dark beams. In the bedroom, a living room can create an exclusive floor walls timber paint any bright color, paint patterns.
Treatment lining is an exciting and enjoyable process despite the seriousness of the event. The abundance of material for painting, methods of decoration, make the treatment of wooden profiles are available and in demand. If wood trim must be remembered that the majority of paint materials are toxic in the liquid state and can cause injury.