When you are planning your future, most families are thinking about individual homes, considering all the options. Many opt for the construction of a private cottage. Among developers there is a project at home 6 to 8 meters. This is the best option for dense urban development, with the construction of facilities for small or narrow areas.
A small building would require smaller investments in the construction phase and future maintenance. At this size the design is being built quickly enough. If the square in residential area 48 m2 will be insufficient to provide for second floor or attic. In this compact cabin will comfortably accommodate a family consisting of 4-5 people.
- Features 6 homes, 8
- The rules of the house
- Determined the material of construction
- The floors of the houses, their advantages and disadvantages
- Two-storey house
- Single storey house
- House with attic
- House with a garage
- What to consider when planning home 6 to 8
- Ceiling height
- The size and number of Windows
- Distribution of area for the rooms
- The number and arrangement
- House 6×8 frame technology
- Exterior design of houses
Features 6 homes, 8
Implementation of the project house 6×8 meters gives you the opportunity to build a residential building, suitable for comfortable living of family consisting of four people. A small area of the building makes it similar to one, two-bedroom apartment. Small house includes all the main rooms and boiler room. This option has the following advantages:
- minimal construction time;
- the building may be erected in any shape and size of the territory;
- the compact building has a beautiful view;
- allows you to save space on the land plot;
- low costs for construction work;
- savings on utility payments;
- light construction does not require a reinforced Foundation.
To expand the living space sit on a terrace or verandah, erected a second floor, which significantly increases the area of the design up to 96 m2 use attic space.
The rules of the house
When compiling a drawing, the location of residential structures on the private land, it is first necessary to consider the conformity of the building regulations, which the Builder will present to the district architecture Department. SNiP 31-02-2001 in section 4.1 stipulates that the construction of residential structures produced in accordance with the outlined in the paper norms and rules, and paragraph 4.2 States that a residential building and a building used for household purposes shall be subject to the restrictions stipulated by the current legislation.
To select an optimal place to study rules specified in paragraph 5.3.2 SP 30-102-99, where it is said that the construction is obliged to defend from the borders of public spaces, namely streets and driveways is 5 m and 3 m, respectively. Paragraph 5.3.4 States that the distance to adjacent parcel shall exceed 3 m According to SNiP 30-02-97 section 4.7 distance from country estates to forest stands greater than 15 m, as in paragraph 6.5. table 2 lists the minimum safety clearances between the houses. Depending on the materials used, it ranges from 6 m to 15 m.
It is necessary to observe all these rules. But do not forget about placing the house on the site in accordance with the directions and to take into account the wind rose. In a properly planned structure of the living room Windows should be placed with South, South-East, South-West side. Utility room and kitchen a better place from the North.
Determined the material of construction
One of the main structural elements of any building is its Foundation. It is of four main types: strip, raft, pile, pier. The first of these is the most popular, is made from the following materials: rubble stone, rubble concrete, brick, concrete, reinforced concrete. For the construction of wood or foam block on stable ground will be sufficient columnar and tape with little penetration. When erecting the house on marshland, heaving soils will require screw piles, and in some cases even a slab Foundation.
For walls you can use different raw materials. The choice of material varies with available funds, the preferences of the owner. Consider the most popular:
See also: Country interior design ideas inside the house
As a roofing material is slate, sheet metal, shingles, metal roofing. Composite and ceramic tiles can create a very attractive finish, refer to the materials premium. The choice depends on the owner. If desired, the need to stand out you can even use a wooden plank – shingles, shingles, shingles, shingles.
The floors of the houses, their advantages and disadvantages
Project of residential buildings is developed with consideration of all wishes and needs of its owner. Someone with only one floor, 48 m2 where are located the main living rooms, some include in the layout of the garage, erect two storey building, equipped with attic space.
Country variants are used exclusively on weekends, which is not provided accommodation on a permanent basis, do not require additional extensions. For large families consisting of several generations, may require not only the second floor, and attic.
For a large family, making plans for the future, the best option would be two-storey structure. Due to the increase in the area it is possible to divide the building into several functional areas. To provide on the ground floor should be room for older generations, living room, kitchen, dining room, boiler room. The second level is best used for bedrooms and children’s, when necessary to equip an office, balcony.
Before settling on this option, you need to consider all the positive and negative aspects associated with the construction of this design. The main advantages of a two-story house 6×8 meters include:
- Savings square. This will leave more space for the erection of other buildings, to allocate additional space for a garden or vegetable garden, especially in small areas 6 – 10 acres.
- For the construction of a compact two-story house, a total area of 96 m2, you will need fewer materials in comparison with one-storey structure of the same quadrature.
- The presence of the second floor allows you to conveniently use the living space.
- Two-story designs look beautiful.
The disadvantages of such housing include:
- The staircase, which occupies part of the living space.
- For the older generation climbing stairs difficult.
- Laying of plumbing, communications, heating designs on the upper tier will require additional investments.
- The high cost of concrete floors.
- Requires more durable Foundation.
Single storey house
Compact house, in quadrature is comparable to a one bedroom apartment, choose older couples, families without children. It is a good option to give offers to spend a weekend. In a small area are usually placed living room, bedroom, kitchen, bathroom, boiler room. Often the hall is combined with kitchen area. Of the advantages of such construction include:
- Short terms of construction works.
- Not need a reinforced Foundation.
- Savings on utility bills.
- Convenient to carry out the maintenance measures.
- The lack of stairs make the house safe for children, comfortable retirees.
- The building is constructed on any type of soil.
See also: the interior of the house with timber – photo design by room
Disadvantages of single-storey structures 6×8 m:
- Small living space, it is unsuitable for large family accommodation.
- To increase the area often attach additional structures that spoil the overall appearance.
- The building contains few functional areas.
House with attic
Experts recommend to build a full-fledged two-storey house, the cost of which is comparable to the construction of the attic floor. In some cases, for example, if the soil does not allow to build high-rise buildings, or is required to convert the existing one-storey construction, it is rational to make the attic space of an apartment. There is usually a Cabinet sometimes equipped with a bedroom and the nursery, occasionally bathroom. The advantages of such structures expressed by the following characteristics:
- Savings on the Foundation, the materials required for the erection of walls.
- With proper planning, the loss of living space, compared to the two-story structure, would be negligible.
- Attractive appearance.
- Stay on the loft nice and romantic.
- The cost of roofing materials, roof Windows, additional sound insulation, thermal insulation significantly increase construction costs;
- Big loss on heating, energy costs 40% more.
- At low angle of inclination of the roof is lost usable area.
- The accumulation of snow prevents the penetration of natural light.
- Noise isolation muffles, but she is not able to completely isolate the sound of the rain, falling snow, blowing wind.
House with a garage
Garage construction is a topical issue for many people. But how to place it in such a small structure, because its size needs to be 4×6 metres, which is half of the total area of the building. Respectively for single-storey structures it remains only to erect a detached building to attach it to the house, at the planning stage to provide for ground floor. At the last stop in more detail, let’s consider its main advantages:
- Under the garage you can select all space located under the building, or to combine it with a boiler room, additional areas.
- To access the car does not need to go outside.
- Don’t have to worry about individual electric wiring, enough to have a SIP (self-supporting insulated wire) from the pole in residential construction.
- Saving space on the site
- The price of construction will increase substantially due to additional costs to the ground floor.
- The construction time will increase.
- You will need special insulation of the house from the exhaust.
- Increases the Flammability of the building.
What to consider when planning home 6 to 8
The design of the building takes into account every detail – the type of Foundation, number of floors, materials used for walls and roof, choice of shed or gable roofs, other aspects. For internal planning addresses the issue of the number of rooms and Windows, their location on the available area is determined by the height from the floor to the ceiling. That said, taking into account the existing approved norms and standards. Let us dwell on the main points.
When choosing the best ceiling height, first and foremost, you should familiarize yourself with the regulations, namely 31-02-2001 SNiP and SNiP 2.08.01-89, where in section 4.5 and 1.1, says that the distance from floor to ceiling shall be not less than 2.5 m, on the attic floor is not less than 2.3 m in corridors more than 2.1 m. These rules must be taken into consideration, otherwise the project can not register in state bodies of supervision.
For a compact structure 48 m2, where the area of rooms is limited, be inappropriate high ceilings over 3 meters. Experts recommend to use a common value for most structures, which is 2.7 m This distance is quite enough even for the installation of plasterboard multi-level structures. But the choice always remains with the owner of the future building.
The size and number of Windows
Here also should refer to the SNiP 31-02-2001 p. 8.9 and SNiP 31-01-2003 p. 9.13, which States that the ratio between floor area and window openings must be at least 1:8, but not more than 1:5.5 for all residential premises, including the kitchen. For attic floors – no less than 1:10. Given these rules, we can calculate the window size for a particular room, for example, the room is 5×4 meters size shall be within a range of 1,5×1,7 m.
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The number of openings each may determine for himself. In the kitchen it is better to have one large window on the North side. The bedroom and living room, preference should be given to several window frames, facing East and South-East respectively. On the North side placing most technical areas, so in this area of the window will be small, the main part of them falls on the facade.
Distribution of area for the rooms
In paragraph 4.4 SNiP 31-02-2001 house must have a minimum set of rooms: living room, kitchen, bathroom, toilet, storage room and boiler room or to place under furnace heating, if not a centralized heating system. Here is defined the minimum size of all rooms, namely living room – 12 m2 bedroom – 8 m2, kitchen area 6 m2, the width of the bathroom is 1.5 m, toilet – 0.8 m, entrance hall 1.4 m.
In view of the parameters can be optimally allocate space for all the rooms. The place for rest and sleep to allocate 9 m2, placing it at the entrance, corridor of 4.5 m2 flue – 1.5 m2, combined WC – 3 m2. Room located from the kitchen is 18 m2, the other 12 m2 remain in the kitchen area and a small pantry.
The number and arrangement
The house must be one living room and several auxiliary. When planning the hall better placed in the middle, to divide the building into two functional areas. On the one hand, it is recommended to make a bedroom and a hall, with another to place the furnace, bathroom, kitchen. The kitchen area must be located near a bath tub, this will save on plumbing communications, to comply with the required tilt angle of the drainage pipes.
The presence of the second floor or attic can significantly increase the number of rooms. You can make the top tier of berths, to organize a children’s room, office, bottom to thereby increase the space for the living room. There is also a possibility to organize a full-fledged dining room, separate bathroom and even have a sauna. In this case, the number of living rooms may increase to 4 to 5, depending on the plan.
House 6×8 frame technology
The design of such houses will depend on usage patterns – seasonal option or for permanent residence. To erect structures necessary according to certain rules given location. The area should be dry, well-drained. Modern technologies allow to use the most simple materials with maximum efficiency.
House 6×8 frame technology – lightweight but durable construction consisting of vertical posts, horizontal strapping. It does not require massive Foundation. If the building is intended to stay in the winter, gaps between boards filled insulating materials. Using mineral wool, expanded polystyrene.
Frame all supporting structures, the floor should be made of the same material. Often use oak, larch. To avoid distortions, it is important to connect all the details. Fasteners of metal should be avoided as they can provoke a loosening of the elements and rotting. Better to use the wooden pins. With outside frame covered with boards at an angle. This will make it more durable and stiff.
Exterior design of houses
Small 6×8 house will look great in any style. When choosing materials for exterior finish should consider the specific features, the overall design of the site. Simple modern building will complement the style of the prestigious cottage village, country house to be transformed near the centuries-old oak trees on a background of majestic mountains.
Facade work is carried out not only to improve aesthetics but also to extend the service life of the structure. As a finishing materials are used:
- Decorative plaster;
- Facing brick, artificial stone;
- Siding, block-house;
- Vinyl siding.
To build a small house on a private plot you can with your hands, but you need to have certain building skills. Easier to apply to specialized firms that offer to build a compact modern building under the key. Experts will select the appropriate any requirements of the project, will hand over object in time.