People and land has always been a single entity, they are inextricably linked. Most residents of large cities tend to unity with it. To do this, they acquire plots, cultivated the local area, planting different crops. To create a functional vegetable garden, using all the knowledge accumulated by previous generations, establish borders for raised beds, erected a greenhouse, make fertilizer into the soil, carry out other activities.
If rural residents garden associated mainly with the question of survival, for residents it is a place of rest, contact with nature. You can do occupational therapy, collecting fresh harvest, show your child how to grow potatoes, radishes, and other products. Growing vegetables will help, but many want it to be more cost-effective. This question depends on different factors, first of all, proper settlement and cultivation of garden beds.
- The role of borders for raised beds
- The materials and the height of the curbs – advantages and disadvantages
- Concrete tape fence
- Natural or artificial stone
- The fence
- Railings for beds with their hands from improvised means
- Slate beds
- Fence made from glass or plastic bottles
- The shape and size of the beds
- How to care for garden beds
The role of borders for raised beds
Gardeners, putting in work, trying to get a good result in a rich harvest. To do this, they correctly combine the vegetable crops that are planted on the same area of plants have not fought each other for the same nutrients. Prepare the soil, making mineral and organic fertilizers, protect the beds. Borders play an important role in the arrangement of the garden, they allow you to solve a number of significant issues:
The materials and the height of the curbs – advantages and disadvantages
For zoning on the site, you can use any material. When choosing, you should consider its features and characteristics. Borders for raised beds needs to be durable and reliable, able to hold the pressure weighted moist soil. Should be specific to soil, the impact of chemicals on buried in the ground part of the fence. Any garden border can be set with your own hands, some types to make yourself out of scrap materials. The size of the fence depends on the area, configuration of beds or the beds.
Raw materials for the manufacture of curbs, non – toxic polymer. The material does not release into soil, toxic substances that are not deformed at low, high temperature. For any weather conditions use the following types of plastic fencing:
- Border tape. The flexible polymer can have a width of 0.1-0.5 meters. Suitable for the formation of raised beds and fencing shrubs. Mobile, easy the product is easy to install. Enough to dig a shallow trench around the lawn, pull tape, secured with stakes. Shortcomings – fragility, a high probability of deformation when mechanical damage.
- Mesh. Used for zoning of land, fences, flower beds and low beds. Often used as an additional barrier. Cons – does not retain moisture in the area of irrigation, wobbly, unstable structure.
- The plastic panels. Perfectly retain moisture, the soil pressure. The width of each part of the polycarbonate does not exceed 15 cm, if you want you can join them and make a high fence. Simple design going through a corner mount and slot the grooves.
- The garden designer. Universal kit includes several patches of plastic parts that connect through special grooves. Can be used for flower beds, garden beds of irregular shapes.Plastic Board. Similar to panels, but differs in composition, appearance. Boards made from wood waste and polymers. The product has the texture of natural material. The finished box mounted in the ground with hinges, stakes.
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Flat curbs made of steel, corrugated sheet, zinc, coated with polymer, which significantly increases the resistance of the material to adverse impacts of moisture. Decorative designs can be purchased in the store or make your own metal box of roofing iron and corners.
Some of the most durable types of borders define the boundaries of expressive paths, are in harmony with all coatings garden paths. Metal fences can be in the form of strips, rods, blocks made of steel sheet, is able to repeat any curving shape of the flower beds.
Ornamental fence has several major flaws – heats up quickly in the sun, which is detrimental to him in contact with plants. To reduce the temperature, you can overlay the inner part of the fence cardboard. Also reduces the demand for this kind of curbs the high cost of the material.
A border of bricks looks safe and soundly. To withstand changes in temperature, street conditions, permanent contact with the soil is capable of facing brick. A simple material for marking boundaries allows you to adjust the height of the structure, fits perfectly into any design of the local area.
Make a border of brick, foam block can independently of any owner of a suburban area. The work requires no special skills to build. Quick and easy performance backed by an affordable price. Thanks to the universal form of red bars, you can design the borders of any shape – in the form of a ladder, with rows on edge. The negative aspects include the necessity of pouring the Foundation, long-term phased installation.
Concrete tape fence
Durable bumpers of concrete and mortar have the longest service life. Capital structure is set on pre-prepared soil. You will also need to make the formwork and prepare a mixture of cement, water, sand. The form to fill can be made of wooden boards, plywood to fit the future of fencing – it must be at least 15 cm.
Practical concrete curbs do not change the acidity of the soil. This fence can be pulled through the entire area, in the same style to make the beds, flower gardens, highlight pedestrian walkways. To diversify the ugly grey material, you can use mosaic. The top face of the frieze is decorated with shards of glass, colored stones, shells, bottoms of glass containers from beverages.
The lack of a ribbon of concrete barriers – a lot of weight, the inability to dismantling. Such a Board cannot be installed on loose soil. From an aesthetic point of view, suitable for beds with massive, high cultures. Delicate strawberry, primroses will look ridiculous against the background of concrete fence.
Natural or artificial stone
Stone fences have the attractive appearance. Decorative artificial stone is not inferior in strength concrete and bricks. The variety of materials allows you to create a real design masterpiece, make a simple raised design.
Garden beds with stone wall – a striking scenic element. Surfaces can be smooth, cleaved, flamed, polished, antique, etc., Regardless of design, the natural material does not loses its appeal at any time of year looks beautiful. To deal with the inevitable contamination by using special impregnations.
Artificial stone imitates the look, texture of the natural material, but is cheaper. Sturdy borders can be any shape. The only difficulty lies in the necessary minimum skills of masonry, alternating jagged edges for a solid fence.
Once a constant attribute of rural courtyard was very popular. The fence was present at each site. Modern gardeners use the likeness of the fence to create original flower beds and flower beds in ethnic and eco-style. Braided design will give the site a natural appearance without any financial investment.
Frame the edges of the flexible branches have mostly decorative value, combine well with other materials on the site. It can be suspended, surface of the ground. Fencing can dig in the ground or set without having to commit and move in any direction. For stretching the vines between the posts using multiple methods: horizontal, vertical, checkerboard, oblique.
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The classic version of the framing of the beds. You can use a tree of any size and way of finishing. The course is siding, slabs, cutting boards, solid barrels, logs. Cheap, affordable material can easily cover a bed by any stretch, it has a natural, aesthetic appearance. Boxes can be left without a bottom or cover the bottom of the frame from rodents, a metal mesh.
But not every wood is suitable for growing vegetables. Some breeds can select resin, negatively affecting soil composition. Wood curb must be periodically treated with a solution against rot.
Steel boxes with shredded filler look modern and neat. Lattice high boxes filled with gravel, pebbles, stone, processed glass. Functional, practical, aesthetically pleasing borders fill the plot of harmony and tranquility, emphasizing the closeness to nature.
The beds can be made of one-piece structures or to establish separate units at a distance. It can be short, tall, stacked boards. Perfectly complement the original product of the same type fence, paved paths. The cost pergonal affected by the filler, mounting type, profile, need Foundation. In any case it will not be cheap.
Railings for beds with their hands from improvised means
At the cottage, the local area, you can build a fenced garden to create an attractive and functional garden, without investing significant funds. Conceived to embody the idea into life will help available waste materials are in every home. For this fit the following raw materials:
- bottles, plastic and glass;
- kitchenware, came into disrepair;
- old buckets, basins, barrels;
- the remains of building materials;
- ceramic tile, metal tile;
- broken furniture;
- the other things in the economy.
Connecting fantasy, looking around, you can easily find unnecessary, at first glance, the material that will serve as the fence for garden beds. To illustrate some of the most popular variants of such arrangement.
Wave and flat asbestos-cement Board has been used for equipment neat garden beds. If there are pieces of this building material after replacement of roofing, then not worth it to immediately send to the landfill. He will be an excellent raw material for creating borders, but if it is to paint water-repellent coloring means, he will get attractive look. However, to equip a ridge of material is quite difficult. This will require:
In addition to the basic functions, the slate protects the crop from the ubiquitous mole crickets, because it deeply digged into the ground. However, when this raw material it is worth considering that it includes asbestos cement, have a negative impact on the soil. It also heats up very quickly and gives off heat to the soil, which leads to evaporation of moisture, so you will need to increase the frequency of watering of planted plants.
At the time of strong rains, frequent watering, the building material constantly warp, so it is necessary to periodically align.
Fence made from glass or plastic bottles
To make flowerbeds and ridges of a variety of ways. Among the most affordable, do not require financial expenses and special physical effort, fences made of plastic or glass bottles. This material, which the majority of citizens thrown into the dustbin, can be used for different purposes, some even erecting residential structures. To create borders, you will need to do the following:
In this way, you can enclose the finished flower bed, create new garden bed. For operation it is recommended to use the same type of capacity of one volume. Gardeners have long chosen this material because of its durability, resistance to negative environmental influences, maintainability. To create a fence out of bottles under the force of each person and, if necessary, it is simple enough to dismantle.
To arrange a fence can be of one-piece containers, various parts, strips of plastic models. It is interesting to look options when bottles stacked in a horizontal position, which allows you to create different height of the structure.
Old tires can safely be called a classic way to fence. Of them create self-tiered design, set the quality of the fence, doing the heavy fence to protect the garden. The material is cut into parts and use separate elements, which significantly increases its functionality. To build your own enclosure around the beds that will hold soil and water, should perform a series of simple actions, namely:
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You can create different designs, dig in products and half in the ground if you only want to protect some area and stack them on top of each other. To give presentable appearance they are painted in a solid colour or create a colour composition, if desired, paint flowers, patterns, images. Decorating options as ways to build fences inexpensively, quite a lot.
The shape and size of the beds
The beds can have many different forms, the choice depends on the imagination of the owner of the site. See round, square, trapezoidal, oval, curved, other models. The most common is a rectangular options. This is due to the simplicity, practicality and convenience in use and maintenance of this facility.
If you take into account the size of the structure, initially you need to determine its width. It depends on several factors. If the garden has to approach from one side only, this parameter should not exceed 50-60 cm For two-way approach suitable width 70-100 cm range to Do already – unprofitable from the economic point of view, more – practical, so as to reach the middle will be problematic. The minimum width between aisles should be at least 50 cm, at the height of the ridges is not more than 20 cm.
Length depends on size of area, terrain, slope. The optimal value is 4-8 m. the Most common height – 15-20 cm for Older gardeners to maintain the ridge height of 30-40 cm, using a folding stool. Do not forget about such parameter as the gradient. It should be no more than 2-3 cm per 1 m length, otherwise the water will concentrate in the lower part of the structure.
How to care for garden beds
For a good harvest is not enough to build a bed, it must be constantly maintained. The soil is periodically fertilized. Many gardeners in this limit, ignoring the subsoil, which eventually condenses. As a result, it ceases to pass the air and water, inhibits root growth, so the plants slow down growth, cease to bear fruit.
Experienced gardeners is recommended every 1-2 years in the fall to produce deep loosening, especially in the subsurface layer, to a depth of 60-90 cm After such action of the spring is sufficient only to dig up the top layer, to make fertilizer, the volume of which shall not exceed the standards set for conventional garden, equipped without ridges.
In the winter it is necessary to protect the soil from erosion, cover it with polythene. In the spring before planting you should check enclosure integrity, if necessary, to strengthen it. For each patch you want to select appropriate plant species that will not compete for the same nutrients.
To Refine your plot with raised beds for everyone. This will allow to improve the design of the site, to save on watering, efficient use of the available space to increase productivity. Building can be erected out of any available materials, without significant investment, and the finished design will be the pride of any gardener.