Not so long ago woven fence was the main way of separating private land. Emphasized the ancient and natural origin of the raw material allows the fence to blend into the countryside. For this reason they are in demand in large areas around the settlements and between them as well as in parks and various sites of natural character. If you want to create rustic surroundings or the atmosphere of the old courtyard in the first place is to care about the appearance of the fence. Depending on the direction of the rods, the woven fencing is divided into horizontal and vertical. The first option is typically more dense and it takes a lot more branches. Popular and live fences. They look fresh, and sometimes are drawn up separately by a hedge of lush plants. The fence refers to the type of constructions that can be done without special education.
- Where to use the fence
- Selection and calculation of material
- The types of netting fences
- Step by step instructions
- Materials and tools for fence construction
- Preparation of basis
- Preparation of rods
- Horizontal fence
- Vertical fence
- Planting a living fence
- Plastic fence
- Wicker fence of boards
- How to care for the finished fence
A regular fence is a light barrage of shoots and flexible branches. This fence stand out of chaotic lines and artisanal structure. The material is applied in its natural form, almost without processing. Wicker fence — mostly decorative designs, after all, rarely erected to a height of over 1.5 m. there are high modification, but this option is not always justified, since large dimensions do not solve the problem of the fragility of the material itself, and in the big boom will be more cracks and they basically become larger.
The above nuances involve frequent repairs of the fence, as well as greater openness of the site to review strangers. The main advantages of fences are low cost and easily consumable. Woven fences are relevant to the present day and combined with many styles of the site.
Where to use the fence
So enclose small plots of land. Fences are also used as additional inside the fences of private ownership. Low options and even erected along the paths. They are often used to separate gardens, vegetable gardens and flower beds from the rest of the space. Fence well is delimited by the territory of two neighbouring land plots. Low and intermediate fences will not throw a large shadow in any direction. Twigs is ideal for the construction of partitions used for zoning. So equip summer and playgrounds, gazebos, terraces. Fencing used to decorate the area for the grill. Low woven fences can be seen in the themed restaurants. Fences is an important element for the expression of ethno-style. Country houses and other possessions of the fence wickerwork goes well with other wicker items — chairs, rocking chairs and tables.
Selection and calculation of material
Such fences are usually woven from willow or hazel. These plants have long, smooth and flexible branches with virtually no transverse processes. This raw material is characterized by symmetry, this is an important plus. Sometimes use the stems of reeds, as they are well bent, but the design is very fragile. Particularly durable bamboo, but it will have to be ordered. For the creation of wicker used the vine bark. Calculate the right amount of material is produced “by eye”. One bunch is enough for the fence height and a length of 50 cm, This value is not constant and may fluctuate decrease or increase, as the diameter of the rods is different, and the density of the weave is selected individually. The fence can be built from young twigs of many shrubs and trees, but only at a certain length — from 1 metre. This work will be more difficult, and the netting is chaotic.
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The types of netting fences
Options of weaving are distinguished by several criteria. Depending on the height it is high (the height of the fence more than 2m), medium (1-2 m) and low (below 0.7 m). The first type of netting involves the creation of capital structures, for example, the outer fence. The second is used for the separation zones and the separation of small suburban areas. The third type is associated with the creation of decorative walls, fencing, flower beds and paths. Depending on the principle of connection elements distinguish horizontal, vertical and oblique stitch, as well as less well-spread rounded and chess. In the first case we are talking about putting long rods perpendicular to the vertical supports. In the second horizontal prozhiliny act as the basis for the vertical placement of the branches. Inclined option involves a diagonal placement in increments of up to 0.3 meters By the method of installation distinguish the netting on the poles produced directly on the support, and partitions, when the paintings are weaved separately and then are placed between the pegs.
Step by step instructions
The fence is constructed in several steps:
First the issue with the selection of raw materials. The final decision in the first place should influence planning the configuration and purpose braided design. The materials you need to collect or purchase. The first option is preferable, since the collection of stems does not take much time. However, this year there are two short period of time. Collected twigs are sorted depending on thickness. Large branches for the supports have processed. Then determined the exact location to install the framework. Pegs are hammered into the prepared ground to the required depth. Further actions depend on the selected weave. Two basic ways: horizontal and vertical. The first is used more often. When the fence will be dense enough, it remains only to decorate. Traditional decor a bit, just two or three, however, ways to decorate fences much more.
Materials and tools for fence construction
The first thing you need to decide what type of plants will serve as a basis for obtaining the elements of the future design. It is recommended to choose between willow and hazel. Necessary smooth, flexible and long branches. The minimum allowable thickness about 1 see the Role of the support given to branches with a diameter of not less than 4 cm Is a valid application of round timber and iron rods, although due to violation of natural view this option undesirable. The rods should be collected in early spring or in the autumn months. They need to soften in water and cleaned of bark. In addition, you need to gather the tools. To create the braided fence of the necessary accessories such as nails, screwdriver, construction fishing line or thread, a wire, a sledgehammer or a big hammer, tape measures, wooden hammer, hacksaw and metal shears.
Preparation of basis
The base can be performed from almost any wood. From the material you will need to get notched pegs for insertion into the soil. Install them at the same distance from each other. The recommended depth of the driving poles into the ground starts from 20 cm increases depending on the height of the planned construction up to 50 cm a Perfect structure will withstand strong winds and draught of the earth. The minimum allowable diameter poles-pegs 4-5 see Some of the most durable are the pillars of larch. If the pegs are in the classic version (i.e. wood), they are treated with preservatives, preservatives and varnishes. These measures are aimed against rot and brittleness. The slices need to char. Under the base it is necessary to make the drainage of sand and gravel. The height of the fence is determined based on the purpose and individual preferences.
Preparation of rods
The workpiece material are produced in autumn or early spring. The movement of the juice at this time is minimal and on the plant there is a large amount of leaves. Priority is given to the smooth and long stems. If the fence will not be erected in a short time, the branches dried. For standard fence shall be selected shoots within 3-cm width. Wider bars reinforce the fence. Shortly before the weaving of the branches are soaked in water to give flexibility and remove the crust. The duration of this stage of works is about a week, but in the case with fresh cut bars, she is reduced to a few days. To handle branches is used semelka. You can also use pliers or wire cutters. The end of a branch is placed between the clamps and the sky itself. If escape is well soaked, the removal of bark held without difficulty. Perfectly clean twigs it is best to cover the stain and antiseptic. You can adjust their color. However, if the planned construction of a large fence, it will take too much time.
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Bearing elements of the horizontal version are posts driven into the ground. The base should consist not only of pegs, and sand-gravel drainage. Smooth thick poles are introduced into the soil with an interval in 1-1,5 m between adjacent elements. If the branches for the formation of a very thin section, then select the minimum distance of 1 m. the Rod take a thick edge and set up for the second pillar, the extension of the branches around the extreme number and move all the posts of “eight”. It is desirable that one vine enough to cover at least three of the peg. Each subsequent row starts with the opposite edge. Should be uniformity in the placement of thick and thin rods, and so on around the fence. The thickness of the fence at different points should not differ greatly. When the design reaches the desired height, you will need to do trimming of the length of the rods.
To make rows of rods are more dense, they should be banging a wooden hammer in a downward direction.
How to install base initially similar to a horizontal version. The support poles are driven in the same way. Parallel to the ground you will need to install at least 3 strips of bars of approximately the same thickness as the pegs, or less. They are tied or nailed to the supports. The total number of strips depends on the height of the fence — post should be not more than 25 cm from each other. To fence had a neat appearance, on the upper side have a bar which after completion of the work clean. To the support bar vertically mounted rods, which coincides in height with the fence. Thick edges of the branches rest on the ground and then interwoven with horizontal supports. On top of the bars to fix. For this task the intended wire. Alternatively, you can use thin rope or to weave several horizontal rods.
Earlier near wicker fences planted sunflowers and iwanicki. Such a decoration is considered a classic. Modern options include planting flowers, as well as the use of artificial. A floral arrangement can be created from nasturtiums, chrysanthemums, asters, daisies. Painting wicker fence is a good place for climbing plants. Relieves the monotony of a number of bench boards, slicers, and stumps. On the tops of the support pillars is customary to hang the pots. Similarly you can use small stuffed animals, shoes, etc. For decorating can be approached more thoroughly. For example, pick and place near the fence dozens of large decorative stones of different colors, to set them on 1-2 pot with rich green vegetation and the wheel from the old carts. Get effective and inexpensive composition. Near the gate you can build a wicker arch.
Planting a living fence
Such a fence will grow up and in thickness. Branches that have become too tall, cut off or directed below. A living fence does not protect the territory, however, it can make the separator zone within the site. To put together a live fence the vertical direction, you must first prepare the soil. Do it are designated under the supporting columns. The distance between the elements we choose in the range of 1-1. 5 meters. Then support (thickness 4-5 cm) driven into the ground at 40 or 50 cm To facilitate this process, the lower ends of the supports should be pre-sharpened. Next, fasten the cross joists. Using wire thinner bars are installed in several rows (3 is enough at a height of 1.5 meters). Then it comes time to plant the branch. Shoots up to a thickness of 3 cm immersed in the soil at 30 cm. Distance between stems should not be less than 10 and more 30 see the Living fence is to grow and make the composition more dense.
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Sprigs should be placed with a slight slope, so that when you need it easier to change composition.
A great alternative to regular wicker fence is a plastic fence. This type of fencing is “not scary” time. Still, they are attractive to look modern and original. Plastic can have a high strength that protects the product from minor mechanical effects. One of the most popular materials — polyvinyl chloride (PVC). From it are manufactured fences, walls and other objects. PVC is resistant to corrosion, decay, extreme temperatures and their extremes, direct sunlight. With plastic fence is easy to rinse mud, special solutions are not needed. Design plastic is lightweight, so transportation and installation will take place quickly and without complications. To put such a fence under the force of the untrained person. A fundamentally important feature of a material such as PVC, is resistant to fire.
Cons of installing a fence of plastic:
- from strong impact, it will be defects that will be clearly visible;
- high price.
Wicker fence of boards
The stages create a fence from boards:
Netting with boards provides for the creation of different faces and transitions. The result is an interesting “design” structure. For installing fence with their hands first need to do the calculations. The first step is marking the corner of the fence. In the corners of the allotment will need to install poles and provide zone gates and doors (they are usually combined). Then the calculation of the step between the supports. If poles and posts, concrete or wood with a thickness of 8-10 cm, can be placed 3 m interval, a thin support (5-7 cm), up to 2.5 m. Further, the preparatory works: is the markup, set the posts. The main step is to install the planks themselves. To mount you need to first bottom, alternately bending the Board. To accomplish this task will require two people. To the posts of the planks are fastened with galvanized nails. Work is being done from around the perimeter: first, everywhere placed the first row, then the second, etc.
How to care for the finished fence
The service life of woven fence reaches 5-7 years. After this period, the fence will begin to quickly deteriorate. The main factor that worsen his condition, dampness and as a result, rotting of the lower part of the fence and the basics. Extend the life of basic care, which consists in preventing the accumulation of water under the fence. This place is also undesirable dense vegetation and high grass, as in the thickets humidity is very high. As protection it is recommended to use matte varnish and antiseptic. They form above-ground part of the fence barrier from the effects of moisture. Among lacquer compositions should prefer it matte because after using glossy lacquer fence will acquire an unnatural appearance. Treatment should be done at least 1 time a year then the chances of longer life are higher.
The history of the construction of the wicker fence begins with the distant past. Nowadays the fence is an original architectural form, very popular. Wicker fence can be found on large private estates, cottages, near the gazebo, barbecue, flower beds, gardens, restaurants and museums under the open sky. Despite the small number of types of netting, outdoor structures can be very different. A living fence and solid fence boards — examples of original buildings. For the average layman, the construction of the fence — employment is relatively simple. You first need to gather the branches and sort them into 2 categories. Built from thick base, thin perform directly the function of the fence. You can go ahead and make a live fence with a subsequent adjustment of the length of branches and the direction of their growth. The fence should be decorated in a rustic style.